Currently the rate of endocrine diseases and flower transfer increases and rejuvenates. Many people have chosen a vegetarian diet in the hope of reducing the risk of these non-communicable diseases.
In general, a vegetarian diet focusing on plants can also provide enough energy and nutrients for the human body, but it should be noted that plant foods are excess carbohydrates, lack of essential amino acids, very little Vitamin B12, vitamin D … should cause harmful effects.
Overview of vegetarianism.
Originally, vegetarian food (oysters) was a complete diet of plant-based foods: vegetables, fruits, tubers, seeds … Buddhism followers used to avoid “killing”. Vegetarianism is used in opposition to eating salty (eating life). According to the natural evolution of the lifestyle, gradually popular vegetarianism in the community and has more flexible and realistic variations.
It should be noted that distinguishing vegetarianism is different from fasting ie abstaining from eating and drinking below the level of need, even abstaining or refusing to eat.
Currently vegetarian food is classified into 6 categories:
- Absolute fasting (vegans): only pure vegetable foods are used, (2) Lacto-vegetarians: allows the use of dairy products such as fresh milk and whole milk. milk, butter, sugar milk, milk, yogurt, butter, cheese ….
- Ovo-vegetarians: Allows the use of eggs with products made from eggs.
- Lacto-ovo vegetarians (lacto-ovo vegetarians): combine vegetarian with milk and eggs,
- Fasting with fish (pescatarian): allows eating more fish, and
- Relative or flexible vegetarian (flexitarians, semivegetarians): is vegetarian but can sometimes eat some meat and fish … similar to macrobiotic Oshawa.
Fasting and endocrine-metabolic disorders
* About energy
Vegetarian foods are high in fiber, cellulose only has the effect of “padded” mechanically, does not produce energy; therefore, the body needs more energy such as growing children, pregnant women, nursing mothers and patients with recovery period if vegetarian need to consider adding vegetable oils, types products from beans.
* About sugar powder
If you eat the right powder in vegetarian food, it is slowly absorbed, very suitable for the elderly and the sick; Especially, vegetarian food has a lot of fiber, cellulose fiber helps increase peristalsis, laxative, constipation and purification of gastrointestinal tract.
The vegetarian diet usually has a high rate of sugary carbs (sugary carbs). In these sweet sugars, fructose gives the fruit its sweetness, the most human taste, followed by glucose. Fructose metabolizes towards increasing TG and VLDL fat with liver fat, overweight, obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus.
* About fat
Vegetarian foods have unsaturated fatty acids (unsaturated double bonds), very little saturated fatty acids (saturated double bonds), very low in cholesterol; therefore, vegetarianism is also very suitable for obese people, fat metabolism disorders (increased blood fat) and people with diabetes.
* About protein
We often have the habit of hearing about protein that immediately refers to meat, fish, eggs, etc., which are food of animal origin and therefore think that vegetarianism is low in protein and malnutrition. This is a very misconception, because actually protein is not only in animal food but also in many vegetarian foods, especially in high-protein bean legumes. in some types of meat.
Although protein content in plants, especially in legumes is quite high, but often low in plant protein or inadequate, lack of some “essential” amino acids (essential amino acids) such as rice lysine and threonine; wheat lysine is lacking; corn lacks lysine and tryptophan; types of beans or methionine deficiency … and also lack of vitamins such as B12, D … Therefore, nutritionists classify plant protein as “inadequate” protein 
* About fiber
In general, a vegetarian diet is based on plant-based foods such as fruits and vegetables, fresh plants, seed pods, cereals and fruit peels, seeds are sprouting like bean sprouts…. full of fiber.
Although there is no “nutritional” effect, fiber is essential to creating a “healthy diet”. Fiber helps the body not constipate, preventing the risk of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, colon cancer.
* About minerals and vitamins
In general, plants contain many vitamins and minerals in general, especially vitamins A and C, which help the body fight antioxidants.
Vegetarian foods often have low calcium content. In plants with high levels of phytic acid, oxalic acid, tannic acid … hindering absorption of iron and zinc are important trace elements in blood and hormones production.
Plant-based foods have almost no vitamin B12 and very little vitamin D. Vegetarians are very susceptible to “big red” anemia and neural root inflammation.
Nutrition scientists demonstrate that, in all six common diets today: Western diets (animal meat, dairy, and alcohol consumption); Mediterranean diet (seafood, olive oil, some cereal and red wine); Chinese diet (rice, dumplings, noodles … and tea); Japanese diet (sushi rice rolls with nori seaweed, sea fish as shasumi fish salad, drinking tea and sake); Vegetarian diet; and Oshawa macrobiotic, must follow two basic nutritional principles: (1) one Must have four basic ingredients, namely, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals substances and vitamins like in food squares; and two, Must have the energy percentage of these ingredients reasonable, 5-10% protein, 25-30% fat, 60-65% powder sugar.
In general, a nutritious vegetarian diet: can provide enough energy and basic nutrients. Vegetarian foods have a number of advantages over animal-based foods: low-fat foods such as cholesterol and saturated fatty acids (saturated), polyunsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, many vitamins E and C , A … helps the body fight against oxygen.
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of sugar metabolism with the consequence of high blood glucose, diabetes is closely related to overweight, obesity and hypertension. People at risk should also eat vegetarian properly to prevent it. A serious, serious scientific work in the United States in 2006 showed that up to 43% of patients with type 2 diabetes who switched to a vegetarian diet absolutely reduced the amount of medication to treat and lose weight.
It should be noted that, with a high-carbohydrate diet, excess energy is converted into stored fat, resulting in overweight, obesity and the risk of diabetes. Chinese people use a “rice-tea” diet with a lot of powdered sugar, a high rate of money and diabetes.
With the vegetarian diet of Buddhist monks, because they are focused on eating “no animals”, avoiding killing, but not paying attention to the proportion of the food balance, the diet is quite high in carbohydrates. , especially sweet sugar in cakes, fruit, and corn-rich fructose HFCS syrup in soft drinks. In the body, almost all fructose ingested is directly to and metabolized in the liver.
In the liver, fructose is primarily metabolized towards increased fat: TG and VLDL with adverse consequences for the liver and general health are: (1) TG increase and LDL increase, (2) Obesity and insulin resistance, (3) Hypertension, (4) Increased risk of cardiovascular disease, liver disease, gout, arthritis and even cancer, (5) On the nervous system, according to Prof. Dr. Kathleen A. Page, University of South California, USA, fructose has not stimulated leptin secretion, hormones signaled fullness, nor ghrelin inhibition, “hungry” hormones, as a result, the brain does not feel the signal of “full eating”. making people continue to eat more and more energy leads to overweight, obesity ….
When socio-economic development, life is rich, food is abundant, it is also when the frequency of some endocrine and metabolic diseases increases markedly. Therefore, in developed and developing countries, vegetarianism is a trend that many people care about and apply for prevention and treatment.
However, when choosing vegetarian food, it is important to pay attention to two things: one is the food source of plants, there are also defects that need additional adjustment, and the other is the vegetarian food, which usually has a lot of starch and sweet sugar, This is a dish with high risk of overweight, obesity, diabetes …