IG Nobel of 2019

Founded in 1991, the Ig Nobel Prize is a directed version of the Nobel Prize and achievements with the motto “smile first, think later”.

Over the years, “brave” scientists have investigated why wombat’s feces are boxy, the magnetic properties of cockroaches, and determine why a person’s “left” ball has hotter at night. These are strange research projects to be honored at a ceremony at the Sanders Theater at Harvard University to name the annual Ig Nobel Prize recipients.

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Founded in 1991, the Ig Nobel Prize is a directed version of the Nobel Prize and achievements with the motto “smile first, think later”. The awards ceremony consisted of mini-opera plays, scientific trials, and 24/7 lectures, divided into two parts – teaching in 24 seconds, and in 7 steps. Speeches received are limited to 60 seconds. And as the maxim sounds, the research may sound humorous, but that doesn’t mean it has no scientific value.

IG Nobel Cup of 2019.

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The winner is included in the permanent list of the Ig Nobel Prize and a ten trillion dollar bill from Zimbabwe – which is an annual joke of this award. Zimbabwe stopped using the base currency in 2009 because of rising inflation and hyperinflation; at its lowest point, this ten trillion dollar bill was worth … 40 cents ($ 0.4) (Zimbabwe Reserve Bank offered to use Zollar instead of this unit).

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The IG Nobel Prize in mathematics was awarded to the head of this bank, Gideon Gono, “for giving people a way to deal with a range of numbers – from small to large – by using their own bank to Print all kinds of money from 0.01 dollars to 1 hundred thousand dollars (100,000,000,000,000 dollars).

IG Nobel 2019 in Physics.

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The author’s research on the subject of box-shaped Wombat.

Patricia Yang, Alexander Lee, Miles Chan, Alynn Martin, Ashley Edwards, Scott Carver, and David Hu – the project “studying why and why the wombat has become boxy”

Wombat is known as the only animal that has a boxy form – that is, a brick. But it took a team of researchers from Georgia Tech to find out why this was possible thanks to a few wombat carcasses. The answer: it relies on the shape and flexibility of the wombat’s intestines, combined with an arid environment in which it lives. It seems that this day of knowledge will be useful for corporations to expand their skills to create boxy products.

IG Nobel 2019 in Anatomy.

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Roger Mieusset & Bourras Bengoudifa – project “measuring scrotal temperature asymmetry in naked and dressed postmen in France”

No one seems to think that there is a scientific debate about why the “marble” on the left is hotter than the right. It is said that its hotter may be related to why its position is also lower than the other. Some studies show that the temperature is unbalanced, while some are the opposite, so the authors tested themselves to find the difference. After comparing several young postmen (stripped naked and dressed, in different poses) following repeated surveys to check the temperature of the “ball”, they realized that there was indeed an imbalance between temperatures. Moreover, “The difference between the left and right scrotum may contribute to the findings of male genital asymmetry,” the two scientists said.

IG Nobel 2019 in the field of Medicine.

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Silvano Gallus – project “collects evidence that pizza is resistant to disease and death if it is made and eaten in Italy”

From 2003 to 2004, Gallus and his colleagues investigated whether Italian pizzas could fight cancer and heart attack. Then in 2006, he and his co-authors relied on this study to test whether it could reverse the risk of ovarian and prostate cancer. Through this, the researchers have identified the positive effects of having a Mediterranean-style diet.

IG Nobel 2019 in Health Education.

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Theresa McKeon has an animal training expertise, so she experimented with her method for orthopedic surgeons.

Karen Pryor and Theresa McKeon – project “using simple click animal training techniques to help orthopedic surgeons”

This 2016 project focuses on two surgical tasks: “tying the lock slider” and “drilling a sharp angle hole”. The authors wanted to test the effectiveness of “sound feedback” during learning – often used by animal trainers – with previous studies showing that behavior could be influenced. people and at the same time more efficient than the old methods. “Clicks are used as a conditional anti-reflex device for non-verbal communication through language and reviews,” the researchers said. Results: The group heard clicking sound for longer than the control group, but it practiced better and more accurately – the most important thing in surgery, especially orthopedic.

IG Nobel 2019 in Biology.

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A cockroach is also an insect capable of receiving magnetism.

Ling-Jun Kong, Herbert Crepaz, Agnieszka Górecka, Aleksandra Urbanek, Rainer Dumke, and Tomasz Paterek – the project “to discover dead cockroaches magnetized acts differently than live ones are magnetized”

Studies show that cockroaches and other insects can detect a magnetic field (receive magnetism), and can magnetize themselves. Kong and his colleagues used a non-invasive technique of magnetorelaxometry (MRX) to test the magnetization and demagnetization process of American cockroaches – life and death. Conclusion: the living cockroaches demolish faster than the dead. According to the authors, the study like this “not only gives us more insight into how to visualize the world, but we can also find applications for artificial sensors based on these particular creatures.”

IG Nobel 2019 in Chemistry.

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Shigeru Watanabe, Mineko Ohnishi, Kaori Imai, Eiji Kawano, & Seiji Igarashi – the project “measures approximately the amount of saliva produced in a day by a five-year-old child”

In the 1995 studies, the authors tested the effects of various foods (rice, sausage, mashed potatoes, cookies, apples, and pickled radish) on the salivary glands of 5-year-old children. These babies will chew and spit instead of swallowing, then scientists will separate the amount of saliva collected by measuring the diet before and after swallowing. We know that saliva is often beneficial, containing salts and mucus that help with good health, eliminate bacteria and eliminate odors, as well as help promote digestion. But according to the authors, they still have no reason to prove this is a beneficial study.

IG Nobel 2019 in the field of Engineering.

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Iman Farahbakhsh – the project “to create a diaper changing machine for children”.

Parents of children all know that changing diapers is a tedious and “toxic” process. Farahbakhsh, an Iranian engineer, decided that he would do something to ease the burden. “Once a child is placed in a machine, many steps can be automated without the operator having to touch the baby or the baby during the change,” according to the patent. Iman received a US patent for this invention last year.

IG Nobel 2019 in Economics.

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Habip Gedik, Timothy A. Voss, & Andreas Voss – a project “to test which country has the best bacteria transmission”.

“Money is one of the most transmitted items globally,” the scientists wrote in their report in 2013. “While transmitting, money can be contagious and play a role in process of transmitting bacteria between people “. To test this theory, they infect themselves with bills from different countries around the world – including the Euro, US Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Kuna, Leu, Dirham and Rupee – with Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. They tested the longevity of these bacteria on bills and their spread through human-to-human communication. Romanian Leu is the only banknote to transmit both types of bacteria, possibly because it’s made of polymers. This suggests that to minimize the spread of bacteria, one should rely on non-polymer currencies or cards and online transactions.

IG Nobel 2019 in the field of Peace.

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Ghada A. bin Saif, Alexandru Papoiu, Liliana Banari, Francis McGlone, Shawn G. Kwatra, Yiong-Huak Chan, & Gil Yosipovitch – the project “determining the” pleasure “of scratching the itch”

In a 2012 study by this team, they used a tropical legume called Velvet Bean to cause itching on many parts of the body: arms, ankles, and back (this is the area). area of ​​scratching of patients with LSC (Lichen Simplex Chronicus) and eczema). The result: itching is more intense on the ankle and back than the arm, with a corresponding ‘degree of pleasure’ when scratching. At the same time, scratching itch limits the level of temporary itching.

IG Nobel 2019 in the field of Psychology.

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Fritz Strack – the project “Sucking on a pen can be funny, lead to happiness, and discovering it doesn’t work.”

In 1988, Strack and a few other scientists published the findings that pen-writing can be funny and make you happier – a kind of facial feedback mechanism. It was a fairly well-known study, and no one really questioned this project, until Strack himself turned the issue back into a 2016 aggregate study and realized that he didn’t get the corresponding results.

Lectures on the above projects were streamed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on Saturday afternoon, September 14.